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GEO5

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Consolidation Analysis

The program allows you to set the analysis of consolidation in the frame "Settings". Consolidated layer, formed by impermeable, resp. lower permeable soil subsequently settles with increasing time. Consolidation affects values of pore pressure. Soil parameters influencing consolidation analysis are entered in the frame "Soils", other consolidation parameters are set in the frame "Analysis" in individual construction stages.

Consolidation coefficient depended on the soil properties, is calculated:

where:

Eoed

-

oedometric modulus of deformation

k

-

coefficient of permeability

γw

-

unit weight of water

When the consolidated layer is composed of a non-homogeneous soil, coefficient cv is evaluated as an average of soil coefficients.

Consolidation analysis is also influenced by time factors, which are dependent on the path of water outflow. This path is equal to the thickness of the consolidated layer in case of only one direction outflow (upwards or downwards) or half of the thickness in case of both directions outflow (upwards and downwards). The real-time factor is evaluated according to the following formula:

where:

cv

-

consolidation coefficient

t

-

real-time

H

-

drainage path

The time factor of build duration is influenced by the duration of load action. When the entire load is introduced at the beginning of the stage, build time is equal to zero. When load linearly increases during stage duration, then build time is equal to the time of stage duration. The time factor of build duration is calculated by the formula:

where:

cv

-

consolidation coefficient

tc

-

build time

H

-

drainage path

Degree of consolidation is evaluated by the following formulas:

for:

for:

where:

where:

Tv

-

real-time factor

Tc

-

time factor of  build duration

The original value of deformation in a consolidated layer in certain construction stage is multiplied by the corresponding degree of consolidation Uav to obtain result value of deformation:

where:

εfin

-

result value of deformation

ε

-

original value of deformation

Uav

-

degree of consolidation

Consolidation analysis also influences pore pressure values in the consolidated layer. In the time of introducing the load action, pore pressure values are the highest. When time increases to theoretical infinity, pore pressure decreases to zero.

Pore pressure:

for:

for:

where:

where:

Tv

-

real-time factor

Tc

-

time factor of  build duration

H

-

drainage path

z

-

depth, where the value of pore pressure is evaluated

u0

-

change of effective stress compared to the previous stage (load)

Literature:

Braja M. Das. Advanced Soil Mechanics; Taylor & Francis: London, 2008.pp278 - 316Verruijt A. Soil Mechanics, Delft University of Technology, 2010, pp97-123.

http://geo.verruijt.net/software/SoilMechBook.pdf.

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